And for the first time since 1883 the Democrats hold a supermajority in both chambers.
In the Assembly, 38 of the 80 seats are filled by freshman. One of them is Republican Frank Bigelow from O'Neals in Madera County.
He'll likely be the only member of the Assembly consistently wearing a cowboy hat.
Bigelow: "Yesterday I'm feeding cows in a muddy field, today I'm on the green floors of this wonderful institution this facility known as the state capital being sworn in to be a representative of the people of the state of California, wow."
He says he's not overwhelmed by it…he has held public office before as a Madera County Supervisor. But Bigelow says he has a lot to learn.
The Senate is replacing nine of its 40 members. But only one freshman, Democrat Richard Roth of Riverside County, has never had legislative experience.